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# Class-7 Linear Equations In One Variable

Linear Equations

Rules to Solve Linear Equation

Rules of Transposition

Procedure to Solve Linear Equation

Linear Equation Word Problem

Linear Equation Test

Linear Equation Worksheet

## Linear Equations

An equation containing only one variable having power 1 is known as linear equation. Let's see some examples.

2p + 4 = 8, 5 − 3y = -7, 2a5 − 4 = 6

All the above 3 linear equations are having only one variable and having power 1.

## Rules to Solve Linear Equation

We must follow certain rules to find out the value of a variable of a given linear equation and the rules are given below.

1. We can add same number to both sides of an equation
2. We can subtract same number from both sides of an equation
3. We can multiply same nonzero number to both sides of an equation
4. We can divide same nonzero to both sides of an equation

## Rules of Transposition

A term can be transposed from one side of the equation to the other side by changing its sign. Let's see some examples.

Example 1. 5b − 3 = 12

The above linear equation can be written as

=> 5b = 12 + 3

Transposing −3 from LHS to RHS by changing it's sign to +3.

Example 2. 5q + 5 = 19 − 2q

The above linear equation can be written as

=> 5q + 2q = 19 − 5

Here we have transpose 5 from LHS to RHS by changing it's sign to −5.

Similarly, we have transpose -2q from RHS to LHS by changing it's sign to +2q.

## Procedure to Solve Linear Equation

1. Simplify both sides by removing group symbols and collecting like terms
2. Remove fractions by multiplying both sides by appropriate factor
3. Arrange all the variable terms on one side and all constant terms on the other side
4. Make the coefficient of the variable as 1
Let's see some examples.

Example 1. Solve 3m + 5 = 25 − 2m.

Solution. 3m + 5 = 25 − 2m

=> 3m + 2m = 25 − 5

=> 5m = 20

=> m = 20 ÷ 5

=> m = 4

Example 2. Solve 2(p − 1) = p + 12.

Solution. 2(p − 1) = p + 12

=> 2p − 2 = p + 12

=> 2p − p = 12 + 2

=> p = 14

Example 3. Solve 5n − 45 = 20.

Solution. 5n − 45 = 20

Multiply both sides by 5.

=> 25n − 4 = 100

=> 25n = 100 + 4

=> 25n = 104

=> n = 104 ÷ 25

=> n = 2045

## Linear Equation Word Problem

Problem stated in words are known as word problems. Solving word problem consists two steps. First step is translating the words of the problem into an algebraic equation. Second step is solving the equation. Let's see some examples.

Example 1. If 7 is added to three times of a number, then the result is 28. Find the number.

Solution. Let's assume the number is p.

As per the word problem given, linear equation will be

3p + 7 = 28

=> 3p = 28 − 7

=> 3p = 21

=> p = 21 ÷ 3

=> p = 7

Hence, the number is 7.

Example 2. Find the three consecutive odd numbers whose sum is 105.

Solution. Let's consider the smallest, odd number is equal to m.

Next two odd numbers are m+2 and m+4.

According to the given word problem following linear equation can be formed.

m + m + 2 + m + 4 = 105

=> 3m + 4 = 105

=> 3m = 99

=> m = 99 ÷ 3

=> m = 33

Hence, the required consecutive odd numbers are 33, 35 and 37.

Example 3. The cost of 3 notebooks and 5 similar pens is Rs. 460. If the notebook cost is Rs. 20 more than the pen, then find the cost of each.

Solution. Let's consider cost of the pen = q

Then, cost of the notebook = q + 20

So, the linear equation will be

3(q + 20) + 5q = 460

=> 3q + 60 + 5q = 460

=> 8q + 60 = 460

=> 8q = 400

=> q = 400 ÷ 8

=> q = 50

Hence, cost of the pen and notebook is Rs. 50 and Rs. 70 respectively.

## Linear Equation Test

Linear Equation - 1

Linear Equation - 2

## Linear Equation Worksheet

Linear Equation Worksheet - 1

Linear Equation Worksheet - 2

Linear Equation Worksheet - 3